its jurisdict

  • ere headed ▓by hereditary nobles called "shanguan." F▓reemen and slaves formed another two classes. Deprive▓d of any personal freedom, the slaves bore the su▓rname of their masters and did forced labor.During the ea▓rly 15th century, the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), w▓hich instituted a system of appointing local hereditary headmen in national minority areas, set up two area administrative offices and appointed

  • Ji▓ngpo nobles as administrators. In the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the area inhabited by Jingpos was under the jurisdiction of prefectural and county offices set up by the Qing court.Beginning from the 16th c▓entury, large numbers of Jingpo people moved to the Dehong area. Under the influence of the H▓ans and Dais, who had advanced produ▓ction skills and practiced a feudal economy, Jingpos began to use

  • iron tools including the plough, and later learned to grow rice in paddy fields. This learning proce▓ss was accompanied by raised productivity and a transition toward feudalism. Slaves revolted or ran away. All these factors brought the slave system to a quick end in the middle of last century.Population:▓ 6.57 millionMajor area of distribution: Sic▓huan, Yunnan, Guizhou and GuangxiLanguage: Yi▓Religion:

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